Water-Borne Bacterial Disease – Leptospirosis

Leptospirosis

What is Leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis, known in medical term as Weil’s disease or Weil’s syndrome, is an infectious bacterial disease caused by spirochete of the genus leptospira family. First reported by Adolf Weil in 1886, this leptospira bacterias affects humans through animals like rats, skunks, opossums, foxes and other vermin. You can be infected through infected soil or water.

Leptospirosis occurs worldwide and commonly in rainy season. Waste products of animals such as an infected urine can contaminate any soil or running water, making your surroundings infected with the bacteria.

There are numerous ways on how to get infected by this bacteria. First is through ingesting an infected water, second is through a wounded skin and lastly through mucous membranes such as eye, nose, sinuses and mouth.

Symptoms of this bacterial infection begins two to 25 days after initial infection to the urine or tissue of the infected animal. Below are its symptoms:

  • Flu
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Eye redness and sometimes watery
  • Fever
  • Chilling
  • Stiff neck

Once infected and suffering from this symptoms, microorganisms can be found in the blood within 7 days and by the tenth day, the bacteria can be found in the urine. If not early diagnosed, complications will occur such as meningitis, extreme fatigue, hearing loss, respiratory distress, azotemia, renal interstitial necrosis, liver, kidney and possible heart diseases.

What is the treatment?

Leptospirosis is not a serious disease if diagnosed at early stage. Effective treatment includes high dosage of antibiotics like penicillin and doxycycline drugs. To those victims that already has severe symptoms, hospitalization is required for IV fluid and antibiotic treatment (doxycycline). Intensive medical care and dialysis treatment are considered for liver and kidney manifestations.  Other alternatives are therapy treatments such as detoxification and normalization of the hydro-electric balance.  Glucose and salt solution may be applied.

Mortality rate for this illness depends mainly on the body’s capability to fight the disease. Most healthy body with strong immune system are most likely to make full recovery from the disease. Severity of various organs functions plays a vital role on how the patient’s body react from the infection. If not treated immediately, leptospirosis is a deadly disease.

The best way to prevent the disease is to avoid outdoor activities as much as possible especially in rainy season were urine contaminated bacteria infections are highly possible. Prevent your children from playing at the mud, sands or in some flooded areas. I advise that you seek medical help once any of the symptoms arises to improve your chances of a full health recovery.

Noah Mark Rodolfo is an alternative natural healthcare practitioner and is committed to bring the best health and wellness information online. Get the most updated news about health, diseases, weight loss and proper nutrition on his website at http://www.healthtalkbuzz.com.

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